High-resolution genome-wide transcriptomics analysis of O. dioica during recovery from growth arrest

GEO series: GSE50848

Experiment type: Expression profiling by genome tiling array

Summary: Polycistronic mRNAs transcribed from operons are resolved via the trans-splicing of a spliced leader (SL) RNA. The SL is also frequently trans-spliced to monocistronic transcripts. Using a modified cap analysis of gene expression (CAGE) protocol we mapped sites of SL trans-splicing genome-wide in the marine chordate Oikopleura dioica and find evidence for proposed functions of SL-trans-splicing. A recent hypothesis postulates that operons facilitate recovery from growth arrested states in metazoans. We examined the expression dynamics of operons across the life-cycle of the animal and during growth arrest recovery. We show that operons do not facilitate recovery from growth arrest in O. dioica. We find that operons are enriched in the germline and that trans-spliced transcripts are predominantly maternal., Interestingly, there is a TOP-like motif in the SL sequence, and trans-splicing in TOP mRNAs, indicating that trans-spliced mRNAs are targets for nutrient-dependent translational control in O. dioica.

Overall design: Whole animals were sampled from a growth arrested state as well as three time points after release from growth arrest: 0.5 hrs; 1.5 hrs and 4 hrs. Two biological replicates were performed for each time point and each of these was divided into three technical replicates.

Citation: G.B. Danks, M. Raasholm, C. Campsteijn, A.M. Long, J.R. Manak, B. Lenhard, and E.M. Thompson. Trans-splicing and operons in metazoans: Translational control in maternally regulated development and recovery from growth arrest. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32(3), 2015.